Topelius, Zacharias

(1818-1898)
   A Finland-Swedish poet, novelist, journalist, and dramatist, Topelius is one of the truly classic figures in the literature of his people. Born into a family with literary and historical interests, he attended Helsinki University and eventually received a doctorate. His broad interests suited him to cultural journalism, however, and his first significant publication was a series of fictive letters, Leopoldinerbrev (1843-1854; Leopoldine Letters), in which he offered witty reports about life in Helsinki, reports that had been first published in the paper where he worked, Helsingfors Tidningar (Helsinki News). There he also first published his copious poetic efforts, which were later collected as Ljungblommar (1844, 1850, and 1854; Heather Blossoms), and then Nya blad (1870; New Leaves) and Ljung (1889; Heather). The paper also published his historical tales, many of them collected as Fältskarns berattelser (18531857; tr. The Surgeon's Stories, 1883-1884).
   Topelius's favorite genre was the novella, and he often wrote cycles of stories. Some of them had contemporary settings, for example, Gamla baron pa Rautakyla (1849; The Old Baron at Rautakyla) and Vincent Vagbrytare (1860; Vincent Breakwater), both of which are set in milieus that Topelius knew by personal experience. Others were set in the past, such as Hertiginnan av Finland (1850; The Duchess of Finland). A large collection of these kinds of tales bears the title Winterkvallar (1880-1897; Winter Evenings).
   Having served as a professor of history at Helsinki University for some years, Topelius next wrote historical narratives with the common title Planeternas skyddslingar (1886-1889; Those Protected by the Planets), which he later renamed Stjaänornas kungabarn (The Royal Children of the Stars), in which he offers an imaginative survey of Finland's history. Ljungars saga (1896; The Saga of Ljungar) was set in Finland around the year 1500.
   Aware that Finland had no native dramatic tradition, Topelius turned his energies to the theater, offering dramatizations of two of his tales, and he wrote the librettos for two early Finnish operas. Topelius also wrote didactic children's books.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Topelius, Zacharias — ▪ Finnish author born Jan. 14, 1818, Kuddnäs, Russian Finland died March 12, 1898, Helsinki  the father of the Finnish historical novel. His works, written in Swedish, are classics of Finland s national literature.       Topelius joined the… …   Universalium

  • Topelius, Zacharias — ► (1818 98) Poeta romántico finlandés. Autor de Las veladas de invierno …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Topelius — Topelius, Zacharias …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zacharias Topelius — Zacharias (Zachris, Sakari) Topelius (January 14 1818, Nykarleby, Finland ndash; March 12 1898, Sibbo, Finland) was a Finland Swedish journalist, historian and author who wrote Finnish historical novels in Swedish. The original name of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Topelius — Topelĭus, Zacharias, schwed. finn. Dichter, geb. 14. Jan. 1818 zu Kuddnäs (Finnland), 1854 78 Prof. zu Helsingfors, gest. das. 13. März 1898; schrieb lyrische Gedichte, Romane, Kinderschriften …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Topelius — Topelius,   Zacharias, finnlandschwedischer Schriftsteller, * Kuddnäs (bei Nykarleby, Provinz Vaasa) 14. 1. 1818, ✝ Helsinki 12. 3. 1898; ab 1854 Professor für Geschichte; schrieb spätromantische, formgewandt stimmungsvolle, später religiös… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Topelius — Zachris Topelius Zacharias Topelius, auch Zachris Topelius (* 14. Januar 1818 auf Kuddnäs Gård bei Nykarleby; † 12. März 1898 in Björkudden/Sibbo) war ein finnlandschwedischer Dichter und Schriftsteller. Topelius wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zacharias Topelius — 1856 in Paris Zacharias Topelius 1898 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zacharias Topelius — Zachris Topelius Naissance 14 janvier 1818 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sakari Topelius — Zachris Topelius Zacharias Topelius, auch Zachris Topelius (* 14. Januar 1818 auf Kuddnäs Gård bei Nykarleby; † 12. März 1898 in Björkudden/Sibbo) war ein finnlandschwedischer Dichter und Schriftsteller. Topelius wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.